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UN Charter

Books below are by Vijay Mehta Chair of Uniting for Peace

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Peace

(cont'd from page 1)

A Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) was agreed in principle with two core objectives: to establish a UN body to help states avoid collapse or relapse into war, and to assist states in their transition from war to peace. The PBC would be responsible for marshalling resources and coordinating post-conflict reconstruction. It would be accompanied by a special new team of experts to help the Secretary General to mediate in more conflicts and bring them to a close.[1]

The Peacebuilding Commission is a new body created in December 2005 by the UN intended to bridge the gap in the coordination of peacebuilding activities in countries just emerging from violent conflict.  The Commission (or PBC) is an intergovernmental advisory body that will be a new forum to bring peacebuilding stakeholders in a selected country together to coordinate their overall strategies, and particularly to identify gaps in the international community’s effort to support sustainable peace in transitioning countries.  The PBC will not undertake peacebuilding activities itself, but will provide advice to the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).

In addition to providing a new opportunity for better coordinated peacebuilding approaches across the UN system, and in cooperation with the national governments, the international financial institutions (IMF and World Bank), and major donors and troop contributors, the PBC should help to sustain the international community’s attention on a country for a longer period of time and marshal greater resources at critical moments in the peacebuilding process, especially full post-conflict reconstruction plans. The real significance of PBC is in the fact that most conflicts reoccur within 5 years of its starting. The PBC has a major role to play to stop conflict. Joining hands with its partners it can intervene before the actual conflict has been started and developed into a full blown war.  
In time, it is hoped that the Peacebuilding Commission, along with the Peacebuilding Support Office of the UN Secretariat, will be able to extend its reach in improving peacebuilding beyond individual countries and contribute to the development of best-practices in making the transition from violent conflict to peace.

Vijay Mehta, ‘The Fortune Forum Code: For a Sustainable Future,’ (VM Centre for Peace, 2006), p.26

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