Phone : +44(0)207 791 1717 Email : info@unitingforpeace.com

Peace

Home   >   Research   >   Peace

In a globalised world the issues of peace and security are inextricably linked with one another. Events like the September 11 2001 terrorist attacks dramatically show that the security of the developed world cannot be dealt with traditional hard power methods without also tackling the development needs of poorer countries. We live in an interdependent world where the security agenda cannot be categorised into previous modes of thinking- namely, ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ threats. The problems of international terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass= destruction cannot be adequately solved without dealing with the phenomena of the failure of states often leading to major regional instability and conflicts, and a whole range of issues which have not traditionally been considered as part of the peace and security nexus at all – poverty, environmental degradation, pandemic diseases and the spread of organised crime – to mention the most prominent.

The new security debate triggered by the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 requires the main players of the international community to invest a political will to finding multilateral solutions to these global threats. Heightened awareness of the deadly threats facing even the most advanced societies is creating a new sense of global community, and these challenges require a collective response through international organisations like the United Nations. The Report of the UN High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change is a document which provides specific recommendations as to how the security framework can be better adapted to the 21st century. These recommendations compliment the findings of the UN Report Investing in Development, which outlines a programme of action for the completion of the Millennium Development Goals by the year 2015. The issue of nuclear proliferation represents one of the more marked illustrations of the perils of globalisation. The advent of nuclear weapons and their unprecedented capacity for wreaking destruction across territorial boundaries has transformed the globe. Although only five states (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) are acknowledged by the Treaty on the Non Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) as possessing nuclear weapons, others have the capability to construct nuclear devices and deliver them, if necessary, by increasingly sophisticated means. This latter aspect was emphasised in May 1998 when India and Pakistan demonstrated their respective capabilities by conducting a series of nuclear tests followed by ballistic missile launches.

A Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) was agreed in principle with two core objectives: to establish a UN body to help states avoid collapse or relapse into war, and to assist states in their transition from war to peace. The PBC would be responsible for marshalling resources and coordinating post-conflict reconstruction. It would be accompanied by a special new team of experts to help the Secretary General to mediate in more conflicts and bring them to a close.[1]

The Peacebuilding Commission is a new body created in December 2005 by the UN intended to bridge the gap in the coordination of peacebuilding activities in countries just emerging from violent conflict.  The Commission (or PBC) is an intergovernmental advisory body that will be a new forum to bring peacebuilding stakeholders in a selected country together to coordinate their overall strategies, and particularly to identify gaps in the international community’s effort to support sustainable peace in transitioning countries.  The PBC will not undertake peacebuilding activities itself, but will provide advice to the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).

In addition to providing a new opportunity for better coordinated peacebuilding approaches across the UN system, and in cooperation with the national governments, the international financial institutions (IMF and World Bank), and major donors and troop contributors, the PBC should help to sustain the international community’s attention on a country for a longer period of time and marshal greater resources at critical moments in the peacebuilding process, especially full post-conflict reconstruction plans. The real significance of PBC is in the fact that most conflicts reoccur within 5 years of its starting. The PBC has a major role to play to stop conflict. Joining hands with its partners it can intervene before the actual conflict has been started and developed into a full blown war. In time, it is hoped that the Peacebuilding Commission, along with the Peacebuilding Support Office of the UN Secretariat, will be able to extend its reach in improving peacebuilding beyond individual countries and contribute to the development of best practices in making the transition from violent conflict to peace.

Vijay Mehta, ‘The Fortune Forum Code: For a Sustainable Future,’ (VM Centre for Peace, 2006), p.26

In a globalised world the issues of peace and security are inextricably linked with one another. Events like the September 11 2001 terrorist attacks dramatically show that the security of the developed world cannot be dealt with traditional hard power methods without also tackling the development needs of poorer countries. We live in an interdependent world where the security agenda cannot be categorised into previous modes of thinking- namely, ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ threats. The problems of international terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass= destruction cannot be adequately solved without dealing with the phenomena of the failure of states often leading to major regional instability and conflicts, and a whole range of issues which have not traditionally been considered as part of the peace and security nexus at all – poverty, environmental degradation, pandemic diseases and the spread of organised crime – to mention the most prominent.

The new security debate triggered by the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 requires the main players of the international community to invest a political will to finding multilateral solutions to these global threats. Heightened awareness of the deadly threats facing even the most advanced societies is creating a new sense of global community, and these challenges require a collective response through international organisations like the United Nations. The Report of the UN High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change is a document which provides specific recommendations as to how the security framework can be better adapted to the 21st century. These recommendations compliment the findings of the UN Report Investing in Development, which outlines a programme of action for the completion of the Millennium Development Goals by the year 2015. The issue of nuclear proliferation represents one of the more marked illustrations of the perils of globalisation. The advent of nuclear weapons and their unprecedented capacity for wreaking destruction across territorial boundaries has transformed the globe. Although only five states (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) are acknowledged by the Treaty on the Non Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) as possessing nuclear weapons, others have the capability to construct nuclear devices and deliver them, if necessary, by increasingly sophisticated means. This latter aspect was emphasised in May 1998 when India and Pakistan demonstrated their respective capabilities by conducting a series of nuclear tests followed by ballistic missile launches.

A Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) was agreed in principle with two core objectives: to establish a UN body to help states avoid collapse or relapse into war, and to assist states in their transition from war to peace. The PBC would be responsible for marshalling resources and coordinating post-conflict reconstruction. It would be accompanied by a special new team of experts to help the Secretary General to mediate in more conflicts and bring them to a close.[1]

The Peacebuilding Commission is a new body created in December 2005 by the UN intended to bridge the gap in the coordination of peacebuilding activities in countries just emerging from violent conflict.  The Commission (or PBC) is an intergovernmental advisory body that will be a new forum to bring peacebuilding stakeholders in a selected country together to coordinate their overall strategies, and particularly to identify gaps in the international community’s effort to support sustainable peace in transitioning countries.  The PBC will not undertake peacebuilding activities itself, but will provide advice to the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).

In addition to providing a new opportunity for better coordinated peacebuilding approaches across the UN system, and in cooperation with the national governments, the international financial institutions (IMF and World Bank), and major donors and troop contributors, the PBC should help to sustain the international community’s attention on a country for a longer period of time and marshal greater resources at critical moments in the peacebuilding process, especially full post-conflict reconstruction plans. The real significance of PBC is in the fact that most conflicts reoccur within 5 years of its starting. The PBC has a major role to play to stop conflict. Joining hands with its partners it can intervene before the actual conflict has been started and developed into a full blown war. In time, it is hoped that the Peacebuilding Commission, along with the Peacebuilding Support Office of the UN Secretariat, will be able to extend its reach in improving peacebuilding beyond individual countries and contribute to the development of best practices in making the transition from violent conflict to peace.

Vijay Mehta, ‘The Fortune Forum Code: For a Sustainable Future,’ (VM Centre for Peace, 2006), p.26