“There is no way to peace, peace is the way”
A. J. Muste
A culture of peace will be achieved when citizens of the world understand global problems; have the skills to resolve conflicts constructively; know and live by international standards of human rights, gender and racial equality; appreciate cultural diversity; and respect the integrity of the Earth. Such learning can not be achieved without intentional, sustained and systematic education for peace. Read 101 Peace Ideas to find inspiration for action.
The urgency and necessity of such education was acknowledged by the member states of UNESCO in 1974 (Recommendation concerning Education for International Understanding, Co-operation and Peace and Education relating to Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms) and reaffirmed in 1995 (Declaration and Integrated Framework of Action on Education for Peace, Human Rights and Democracy). (In other words, your country made commitments to integrate peace education into your education systems.) It is time to call upon ministries of education, educational institutions and policy makers to fulfill the commitments.
To infuse a culture of peace all educational systems throughout the world need to develop the capacities, in teachers and learners, to face challenges of unprecedented proportion: the continued development of weapons of mass destruction, armed conflicts between states and ethnic groups, the spread of racism, gender inequality, community violence, the huge and widening gap between the rich and the poor throughout the globalised economy, massive violations of human rights and the degradation of the environment.
In order to meet the challenges posed by these interwoven problems, the coming generation deserves a radically different education. People need the skills and knowledge to create and maintain peace. Peace Education is a holistic, participatory process that includes teaching for and about human rights, justice, gender equality, environmental sustainability, disarmament, and human security. The methodology of peace education encourages reflection, critical thinking, cooperation, and responsible action. It promotes multiculturalism, and is based on values of dignity, equality, and respect. Peace education is intended to prepare students for democratic participation in school and society.
• To build public awareness and political support for the introduction of peace education into all spheres of education, including non-formal education, throughout the world;
• To promote the education of all teachers to teach for peace.